Repurchases and Redemptions

Jul 18, 2022 By Susan Kelly

Repurchases happen when a business that issued shares buys the shares from its shareholder. When a buyback or repurchase is made, the company will pay shareholders the value of their shares at the market. In the event of a repurchase, the company can purchase shares on the market or purchase them from investors directly. Share repurchases are a common method to return money to shareholders. They are entirely voluntary for the shareholder.

Redemptions happen when a business demands shareholders sell some of their shares to the business. To allow a company to redeem its shares, it should have stated in advance that the shares are redeemable or callable. Redeemable shares come with a predetermined call price which is the cost per share the company is willing to pay to the shareholder upon redemption. Call prices are determined at the time of issue of shares. Shareholders are required to redeem the shares in the event of redemption.

Why Should You Buy Back Shares?

The reason companies sell their shares to the public is to raise funds. Corporate companies sell shares for the first time to the general public through an Initial Public Offering (IPO). After this is completed, the stock is traded on the secondary market, as they are constantly purchased and sold to the public market. The company doesn't receive any cash proceeds from sales on secondary markets. However, there are reasons for a company to like to buy back shares given to the public.

The number of shares traded on secondary markets is a constant concern for any company. This is because the quantity affects earnings per share (EPS). This is a sign of the company's financial performance. The reduction in the outstanding stock traded on the secondary market boosts the EPS, making the business more profitable.

The number of shares outstanding can affect the price of shares. The reduction in shares could cause an increase in price because of the lower quantity of shares available. Another reason to buy shares is to obtain majority shareholder status. This is achieved by holding greater than 50 percent of outstanding shares. A majority shareholder has the power to dominate the vote and exert a significant influence on the company's direction.

Which Is The Best Option?

A company can choose to purchase over a redemption due for various reasons. When the share price is below the call price for redemption table shares, the business may purchase shares at less per share by purchasing shares from shareholders via the stock repurchase. The company could offer an incentive to purchase shares at a greater cost than what is currently available but less than the call price of the redeemable shares. If a company makes an exchange called for, the redemption price will usually be equal to or higher than the market value, or shareholders may suffer a loss.


An organization has issued redeemable preferred stocks that cost $115 per share and have chosen to redeem a part of the shares. The stock, however, is currently trading at $120 on the market. The company executives may purchase the shares instead of paying the redemption premium of $30 per share. If the company cannot find sellers willing to buy or buyers, it could always opt for the option of redemption to cover the fallback.

However, suppose a firm has a current 3.3% dividend rate on outstanding shares but has outstanding shares redeemable with an increased dividend rate. In that case, it could decide to redeem its more costly shares with a greater dividend rate. The benefit of distributing redemption table securities is they give an organization the ability to decide to purchase shares later.

Businesses can buy and sell shares as investors. If a company's executive management thinks their stock is not worth the price, they decide to purchase shares back at a perceived discount. If the price of shares rises shortly, the company will have the option of releasing shares at a higher price per share, thereby gaining an increase on the sale; if it is, you compare it to the original repurchase price.


Repurchases involve a company buying back shares directly through the marketplace or from the shareholders. In contrast to redemption, a requirement, trading shares with the business with a repurchase is a choice. A redemption, however, typically offers investors a higher price built into the price of the call, which is a part of the compensation for the chance that their stock will be sold.

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